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23丂儊僇僕僉丂杒戝惣梞

Swordfish, Xiphias gladius

                                                           
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嵟嬤偺摦偒

2013擭偵戝惣梞傑偖傠椶曐懚崙嵺埾堳夛乮ICCAT乯偺壢妛埾堳夛乮SCRS乯偵傛傝帒尮昡壙偑峴傢傟偨丅帒尮昡壙偺寢壥丄尰嵼偺帒尮検偼1990擭戙拞婜偵弌尰偟偨戩墇擭媺孮偲嬤擭偺嫏妉検偺尭彮偵傛偭偰娚傗偐偵夞暅偟偰偄傞偙偲偑帵偝傟偨丅ICCAT偼丄杮帒尮偺嵞惗嶻椡偲MSY傪偦傟偧傟r=0.42丄13,660僩儞偲悇掕偟偨忋偱憤嫏妉壜擻検乮TAC乯傪13,700僩儞埲壓偵梷偊傞偙偲丄彫宆屄懱偺嫏妉検惂尷傪宲懕偡傞傛偆姪崘傪弌偟偨丅偙傟傪庴偗偰丄ICCAT偱偼2014乣2016擭偺TAC傪13,700僩儞偲愝掕偟偰偄傞丅2016擭偺ICCAT偺SCRS偱偼嫏妉検僨乕僞偺峏怴偺傒峴傢傟偨丅


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恾1. 杒戝惣梞偵偍偗傞儊僇僕僉偺崙暿嫏妉検乮ICCAT 2016乯
2015擭偺抣偼巄掕抣丅


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昞1. 杒戝惣梞偵偍偗傞儊僇僕僉偺嬤擭偺崙暿嫏妉検媦傃搳婞検乮僩儞乯乮ICCAT 2016乯


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恾2. 庡側嫏嬈崙偵偍偗傞杒戝惣梞儊僇僕僉偺CPUE乮昗弨壔偟偰偁傞乯乮ICCAT 2013乯


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恾3. 戝惣梞偵偍偗傞嫏朄偛偲偺儊僇僕僉偺椵愊嫏妉検乮2010乣2014擭偺崌寁乯偺暘晍恾乮ICCAT 2016乯
惵偑偼偊撽嫏朄丄奃怓偑偦偺懠偺嫏朄偵傛傞嫏妉検傪帵偡丅墌偺戝偒偝偼嫏妉検偺憡懳揑側斾傪昞偡丅杴椺偺娵偼忋偐傜32,500僩儞丄65,000僩儞丅撿杒偺宯孮偼杒堒5搙乮懢慄乯偱巇愗傜傟偰偄傞丅


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恾4. 戝惣梞偵偍偗傞儊僇僕僉偺暘晍


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恾5. 杒戝惣梞儊僇僕僉偺悈堟暿暘晍宍懺乮Ortiz et al. 2000乯
僄儕傾7丒8丒17偼嶻棏堟丄1񑓛񓝕293偼愛塧堟丄4񒎢1091偼堏峴堟傪昞偡丅


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恾6. 杒戝惣梞儊僇僕僉偺惉挿嬋慄乮Eharhardt et al. 1996乯


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昞2. 儊僇僕僉偺惈暿擭楊暿壓妠嵆挿乮cm乯乮Eharhardt et al. 1996乯


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恾7. 億僢僾傾僢僾傾乕僇僀僶儖僞僌偵傛傞儊僇僕僉偺墧捈峴摦僷僞乕儞乮Matsumoto et al. 2003乯
嵍偺恾偼悈怺傪塃偺恾偼悈壏傪昞偡丅2002擭3寧偵僟僇乕儖壂偱憖嬈拞偺擔杮偺偼偊撽嫏慏偱嫏妉偝傟偨屄懱乮悇掕壓妠嵆挿160 cm乯偐傜摼傜傟偨僨乕僞偵婎偯偄偰嶌恾丅


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昞3. 彨棃梊應偵傛傞堦掕偺嫏妉検乮Y幉丗TAC乯偵懳偟偰偁傞擭傑偱偵B>BMSY丄F<FMSY偲側傞妋棪乮ICCAT 2013乯
奃怓偺晹暘偼偦傟偧傟B>BMSY丄F<FMSY偲側傞妋棪偑50%埲忋傪帵偡丅


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恾8. 旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖乮ASPIC乯偱悇掕偝傟偨F/FMSY乮忋恾乯偲B/BMSY乮壓恾乯偺揰悇掕抣偺擭曄壔乮ICCAT 2013乯
帒尮検偺扨埵偼僩儞丄揰慄偼80亾怣棅尷奅傪帵偡丅


嫏嬈偺奣梫

杒戝惣梞偺儊僇僕僉偼丄1970擭戙屻敿偐傜嫏妉検偑媫憹偟1987擭偵僺乕僋乮20,236僩儞乯偵払偟1990擭戙偵尭彮偟偨乮恾1乯丅2003擭埲崀偵曬崘偝傟偨嫏妉検偼10,000乣14,000僩儞偺娫偱憹尭傪孞傝曉偟偰偄傞乮恾1丄昞1乯丅偐偮偰嬝擏偵悈嬧偑懡偔娷傑傟偰偄傞偲偄偆棟桼偱暷崙偵偍偄偰悈梘偘偑嬛巭偝傟偰偄偨偑丄偦偺屻婯惂偑娚榓偝傟偨偨傔偵丄夁嫀10擭偺暯嬒嫏妉検偼11,797僩儞偱丄2015擭偺嫏妉検偼巰朣搳婞傕娷傔偰10,520僩儞偱偁偭偨丅偙傟偼夁嫀嵟崅傪婰榐偟偨1987擭偺栺45%尭偱偁傝丄婯惂偺岠壥偲嫏慏偺撿戝惣梞媦傃戝惣梞奜傊偺堏摦偵傛傞傕偺偲峫偊傜傟傞丅傑偨丄儊僇僕僉傪愱栧偵嫏妉偟偰偄偨僇僫僟丄僗儁僀儞丄暷崙媦傃億儖僩僈儖偺偼偊撽嫏慏偼丄宱嵪揑側棟桼偱懳徾嫑庬傪傑偖傠椶媦傃偝傔椶偵曄峏偟偰偄傞丅

嬤擭偺庡梫崙偵偍偗傞CPUE偺孹岦偲偟偰偼丄1990擭戙屻敿埲崀憹壛傪帵偡崙偑懡偄傕偺偺丄暷崙側偳偺堦晹偼斾妑揑暯扲側僩儗儞僪傪帵偟偰偄傞乮恾2乯丅偙偺尨場偑嬤擭偺婯惂偺曄壔偵傛傞傕偺偐偳偆偐偼丄崱屻専摙偑昁梫偱偁傞丅変偑崙偺嬤擭偺嫏妉検偼丄300乣1,091僩儞偺娫偱悇堏偟偰偍傝夁嫀5擭娫偺暯嬒嫏妉検偼栺685僩儞偱偁傞丅嵟嬤偺尋媶偵傛傝丄壏懷堟偺嫏嬈偺CPUE偺巆嵎乮娤應抣偲悇掕抣偺嵎乯偲戝惣梞偺抔悈僾乕儖乮AWP丄戝惣梞悢廫擭婯柾怳摦乮AMO乯偲旕忢偵崅偄憡娭偑傒傜傟傞僾乕儖乯偺戝偒偝偵桳堄側憡娭偑偁傞偙偲偑帵偝傟偨乮Schirripa 2013乯丅AWP偑崅偔側傞偲悈壏偺忋徃偵傛傝暘晍壜擻側斖埻偑峀偑傞偨傔CPUE偺娤應抣偑悈壏摍偺岠壥偐傜梊應偝傟傞CPUE悇掕抣傛傝崅偔側傞偲峫偊傜傟傞丅偙偺偙偲偼丄1967乣2011擭傑偱崅堒搙堟偱偁傞僲儖僂僃乕偺壂崌偱壓妠嵆挿1.5乣2.65 m偺儊僇僕僉嫏妉偑敪惗偟偨偙偲傪巟帩偡傞傕偺偱偁傞丅AWP偺岠壥偼丄杒晹偺壏懷堟偲擬懷堟偵偍偗傞柕弬偡傞CPUE偺僔僌僫儖偲娭學偑偁傞偲峫偊傜傟偰偍傝丄儊僇僕僉偺岲揔悈壏丄旐怘嫑偺暘晍偺曄壔丄偦偺椉曽偲偺娭學偵偮偄偰峏側傞夝愅媦傃壖愢専徹偺幚巤偑媮傔傜傟偰偄傞乮ICCAT 2014乯丅

杒戝惣梞乮抧拞奀彍偔乯偵偍偄偰丄杮庬偼庡偵晜偒偼偊撽偵傛偭偰嫏妉偝傟偰偄傞偑丄巋栐嫏嬈偵偍偄偰傕嫏妉偝傟偰偍傝丄慜慄堟傗奀嶳廃曈悈堟偵庡嫏応偑宍惉偝傟偰偄傞乮恾3乯丅偙偺偆偪丄暷崙丄僇僫僟丄僗儁僀儞丄億儖僩僈儖丄僽儔僕儖丄儌儘僢僐丄僫儈價傾丄撿傾僼儕僇丄僂儖僌傾僀媦傃儀僱僘僄儔偼丄儊僇僕僉傪愱栧偵慱偭偰憖嬈偡傞愺撽乮栭撽乯憖嬈偵傛傞嫏妉偑戝晹暘偱偁傞偺偵懳偟偰丄擔杮丄戜榩丄娯崙媦傃僼儔儞僗偼丄傑偖傠椶傪懳徾偲偡傞偼偊撽憖嬈乮擬懷堟偱偼怺撽憖嬈乯偵傛傞崿妉偱偁傞丅


惗暔妛揑摿挜

儊僇僕僉偼擬懷堟偐傜壏懷堟偵偐偗偰峀偔暘晍偟偰偄傞乮Palko et al. 1981乯乮恾4乯丅嶻棏偼惣戝惣梞擬懷丒垷擬懷堟乮僇儕僽奀乣撿暷杒惣娸乯偵偍偄偰廃擭偵傢偨偭偰峴傢傟傞偑乮恾4乯丄婫愡惈乮弔偐傜弶壞偵偐偗偰乯傕帵嵈偝傟偰偄傞乮Beardsley 1978丄Arocha 1996乯丅杒戝惣梞偺儊僇僕僉偼丄5寧埲崀擬懷堟偐傜壏懷堟傊偲愛塧夞梀傪峴偆偑丄梇偼嶻棏応偐傜偁傑傝棧傟偢丄帗偺曽偑挿嫍棧夞梀傪峴偆偙偲偑嵟嬤偺尋媶偵傛偭偰巜揈偝傟偰偄傞乮Neilson et al. 2013乯丅傑偨丄杮庬偼庡梫側斏怋堟偲丄嶶嵼揑側婫愡惈傪帩偭偨斏怋堟媦傃旕斏怋堟偲偺娫偱惐傒暘偗傪峴偭偰偄傞偙偲偑帵嵈偝傟偰偄傞乮Neilson et al. 2013乯乮恾5乯丅億僢僾傾僢僾傾乕僇僀僶儖僞僌乮PSAT乯傪梡偄偨嵟怴偺抦尒偱偼丄杮庬偼嶕塧堟偵偲偳傑傞孹岦傪帵偟丄捠忢昗幆偱摼傜傟偨寢壥偲摨條偵杒惣晹偐傜杒搶晹傊偺堏摦偼傎偲傫偳尒傜傟側偄偙偲偑柧傜偐偵側偭偨乮Neilson et al. 2009乯丅

儊僇僕僉偼丄庒楊帪偵惉挿偑憗偔丄帗偼梇傛傝傕惉挿偑憗偔偐偮戝宆壔偡傞乮Neilson et al. 2013乯丅杮庬偺擭楊嵏掕偵偮偄偰偼丄Eharhardt et al.乮1996乯偑鋅昲戞2灆偵弌尰偡傞擭椫傪梡偄偰惉挿幃傪悇掕偟偰偍傝乮恾6丄昞2乯丄偙偺夝愅寢壥偼丄ICCAT偱嫏妉暔懱挿慻惉傪擭楊慻惉偵曄姺偡傞嵺偵梡偄傜傟偰偄傞丅偟偐偟丄偙偺夝愅寢壥偼丄嵟傕懡偔偺昗杮乮2,000屄懱埲忋乯偵婎偯偄偨傕偺偱偁傞偑丄昗杮拞偵壓妠慡挿250 cm埲忋偺傕偺偑傎偲傫偳側偔丄帗偺戝宆屄懱偵娭偟偰悇掕惛搙偑埆偔側偭偰偄傞丅庻柦偼丄夁嫀偺惉挿偵娭偡傞尋媶偐傜25嵨傪挻偊傞偙偲偼婬偱偁傞偲峫偊傜傟偰偄傞乮Neilson et al. 2013乯丅

Mejuto and García-Cortés乮2014乯偵傛傞偲丄帗偺斏怋峴摦偼昞憌悈偺悈壏偲娭楢偟偰偍傝丄戝惣梞惣晹擬懷堟偺抔悈偺塭嬁傪嫮偔庴偗傞偙偲丄帗偺弶惉弉懱挿偼146 cm乮壓妠嵆挿乯偱偁傞偙偲偑柧傜偐偵側偭偨丅傑偨丄帗偺50%惉弉懱挿丒擭楊偼180 cm丄5嵨偲悇掕偝傟偰偄偨偑丄嬤擭偺挷嵏偱偼傛傝彫宆丒庒楊偱偁傞偙偲偑曬崘偝傟偰偄傞乮ICCAT 2014乯丅

惉嫑偼擔廃墧捈堏摦傪峴偄丄拫娫偼悈怺300乣400 m偵栭娫偼悈壏桇憌偺忋晹偵惗懅偡傞偙偲偑PSAT偺僨乕僞偐傜帵偝傟偰偄傞乮Matsumoto et al. 2003乯乮恾7乯丅堓撪梕暔偵偼丄晜嫑椶丄掙嫑椶丄怺奀嫑丄擃懱摦暔側偳暆峀偄惗暔偑弌尰偡傞偺偱乮Beardsley 1978乯丄妶敪側墧捈堏摦傪峴偄側偑傜暆峀偄悈怺懷偱曔怘妶摦傪峴偭偰偄傞偲峫偊傜傟偰偄傞丅堓撪梕暔偼婫愡丒抧棟偵傛偭偰戝偒偔堎側傞偑丄嬤擭丄僽儔僕儖撿娸偺儊僇僕僉偵偮偄偰峴傢傟偨挷嵏偱偼丄摢懌椶偑嵟傕桪愯偟偰偄傞偙偲偑曬崘偝傟偨乮Gorni et al. 2011乯丅

儊僇僕僉偺帒尮峔憿偵偮偄偰偼丄1990擭戙拞婜偐傜2000擭戙拞婜偵偐偗偰暘巕堚揱妛揑庤朄偵傛傞尋媶偑惛椡揑偵峴傢傟丄2006擭偵偼ICCAT偱儊僇僕僉偺帒尮峔憿偵娭偡傞儚乕僋僔儑僢僾偑奐嵜偝傟偨乮ICCAT 2006a,b乯丅夁嫀偺堦楢偺尋媶偼丄儈僩僐儞僪儕傾DNA丒妀DNA偺墫婎攝楍偺堘偄偵婎偯偒丄抧拞奀丄杒戝惣梞丄撿戝惣梞丄懢暯梞偺4偮偺撈棫偟偨宯孮偺懚嵼傪帵嵈偟偰偍傝丄ICCAT偱偼戝惣梞儊僇僕僉傪丄杒堒5搙傪嫬奅慄偲偟偰撿杒偺2宯孮偵暘偗偰娗棟偟偰偄傞乮Miyake and Rey 1989乯丅堦曽偱丄嫬奅慄偼峏偵杒乮杒堒8乣20搙偺娫乯偵偁傞偲偡傞尋媶寢壥傕曬崘偝傟偰偄傞偑乮Chow and Takeyama 2000乯丄暘愅偵嫙偟偨昗杮偺帪嬻娫揑僇僶儗僢僕偑掅偄揰偑巜揈偝傟丄嫬奅慄傪曄峏偡傞偵偼晄廫暘偱偁傞偲敾抐偝傟偰偄偨丅偦偺屻丄杒堒10乣20搙偵偍偄偰峀偔昗杮偑廂廤丒暘愅偝傟丄嫬奅慄偑杒堒15搙晅嬤偵偁傞偙偲偑帵偝傟偰偄傞偑乮Chow et al. 2007乯丄帒尮昡壙偵斀塮偝傟傞傑偱偵偼帄偭偰偄側偄丅Kasapidis et al.乮2007乯偼丄抧拞奀丄戝惣梞丄僀儞僪梞偲3偮偺庡側屄懱孮偺懚嵼傪帵偟丄拞偱傕戝惣梞偵偍偄偰偼杒偐傜撿傊峴偔偵廬偄僀儞僪梞儊僇僕僉偵屌桳偺堚揱巕傪傕偮屄懱偺妱崌偑憹壛偡傞偙偲傪柧傜偐偵偟偨丅嵟怴偺堚揱夝愅偵傛傞抦尒乮Smith et al. 2015乯偱偼丄撿杒戝惣梞偺嫬奅慄偑杒堒20乣25搙丄惣宱45搙晅嬤偵偁傝丄抧拞奀偲戝惣梞偺嫬奅慄偑惣宱10搙偵偁傞偙偲偑帵偝傟偨偑丄帒尮偺嫬奅慄偵偮偄偰偼丄帒尮暘晍偺婫愡揑側曄壔偺塭嬁傪廫暘偵挷傋傞昁梫偑偁傞偨傔丄尰嵼偺嫬奅慄傪堐帩偡傞偙偲偲側偭偨乮ICCAT 2015乯丅


帒尮忬懺

嵟怴偺帒尮昡壙偼2013擭偵ICCAT偺SCRS偵偍偄偰幚巤偝傟丄2011擭傑偱偺僨乕僞偵偮偄偰丄旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖乮ASPIC乯偲儀僀僕傾儞僒乕僾儔僗僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖乮BSPM乯傪梡偄偰帒尮夝愅偑峴傢傟偨丅椉儌僨儖偲傕偵帒尮検巜悢偲偟偰丄暷崙丄僇僫僟丄擔杮丄僗儁僀儞丄儌儘僢僐媦傃億儖僩僈儖偺偼偊撽僨乕僞傪1偮偵傑偲傔偰昗弨壔偟偨CPUE傪梡偄偨丅

ASPIC乮儀乕僗働乕僗儌僨儖乯偱寁嶼偟偨寢壥丄帒尮検偼1997擭埲崀憹壛孹岦偵偁傝BMSY埲忋偱偁傞偙偲丄嫏妉學悢乮F乯偼1995擭傪僺乕僋偲偟偰庒姳偺憹尭偼偁傞傕偺偺尭彮孹岦傪帵偟丄2000擭埲崀偼FMSY埲壓偱偁傞偙偲偑帵偝傟偨乮恾8乯丅2011擭偺帒尮検偼90%偺妋棪偱BMSY埲忋偱偁偭偨丅BSPM儌僨儖偺嫏妉學悢偲帒尮検偺孹岦偼ASPIC偺寢壥偲椶帡偟偰偍傝丄帒尮検偺悈弨偼慡懱傪捠偟偰BSPM偺曽偑崅偔丄嫏妉學悢偺悈弨偼掅偔悇掕偝傟偨丅偙傟傜偺寢壥偼丄帒尮忬懺偼棎妉偱偼側偔嫏妉偺嫮偝偼夁忚嫏妉偵側偄偙偲傪帵偟偰偄傞丅

ASPIC傪梡偄偰TAC傪8,000僩儞偐傜20,000僩儞傑偱1,000僩儞偢偮曄壔偝偣偰2021擭傑偱偺彨棃梊應傪峴偭偨寢壥丄90%埲忋偺妋棪偱帒尮検偑夞暅偟丄BMSY埲忋偵側傞偙偲偑帵偝傟丄埾堳夛偵傛傞帒尮夞暅寁夋偺栚昗偑払惉偝傟偨丅椺偊偽丄TAC傪15,000僩儞偵偡傞偲丄崱屻10擭娫偵B>BMSY偲側傞妋棪偼50%埲壓偵側傞堦曽偱丄13,000僩儞偵偟偨応崌偵偼90%埲忋偺妋棪偱帒尮忬懺傪MSY儗儀儖偵堐帩偱偒傞偙偲偑帵偝傟偨乮昞3乯丅偙偺寢壥丄杮帒尮悈弨傪50%埲忋偺妋棪偱MSY払惉儗儀儖偵堐帩偡傞偨傔偵偼丄擭娫嫏妉検傪13,700僩儞枹枮偵惂尷偡傞傋偒偲偺姪崘偑弌偝傟偨丅梊杊揑傾僾儘乕僠偲偟偰丄嫏妉検傪13,000僩儞偵惂尷偡傞偙偲偱丄90%埲忋偺妋棪偱10擭娫偼帒尮傪寬慡側忬懺偵曐偮偙偲偑偱偒傞偲偺梊應偑摼傜傟偰偄傞丅

師夞偺帒尮昡壙偼2017擭7寧偵峴傢傟傞梊掕偱偁傞丅


娗棟曽嶔

SCRS偐傜偺曬崘傪庴偗偰ICCAT偺僐儈僢僔儑儞偼丄2014乣2016擭偺TAC傪13,700僩儞偲偟偰偄偨偑丄2016擭偺擭師夛崌偵偍偄偰丄2017擭乮師夞偺帒尮昡壙幚巤擭乯傑偱尰嵼偺TAC偺墑挿傪寛傔偨丅擔杮偺嫏妉妱摉検偼擭娫842僩儞偱偁傞丅崙暿妱傝摉偰暘傪挻夁傕偟偔偼梋偭偨応崌偵偼丄2擭埲撪偱偁傟偽嵎偟堷偒丒忋忔偣傪峴偄挷惍偡傞偙偲偑偱偒傞丅偨偩偟丄挷惍暘偼妱傝摉偰検偺15%乮妱傝摉偰偑500僩儞埲忋偺崙乯傑偨偼50%乮妱傝摉偰偑500僩儞枹枮偺崙乯傪挻偊側偄斖埻偲偡傞乮ICCAT 2013乯丅尰嵼丄戝惣梞慡堟偵偮偄偰丄嘆壓妠嵆挿125 cm乛懱廳25 kg枹枮偺屄懱偺悈梘検傪15%埲壓偵梷偊傞丄傑偨偼嘇壓妠嵆挿119 cm乛懱廳15 kg枹枮偺屄懱偺悈梘検傪0%偵偡傞乮搳婞検偺昡壙娷傓乯丄偲偄偆2庬椶偺嵟彫懱挿婯惂偑偁傞乮ICCAT 2013乯丅2006乣2008擭偵杒戝惣梞偱嫏妉偝傟偨125 cm埲壓偺屄懱偺妱崌偼28%乮旜悢乯偲悇掕偝傟偰偄傞乮ICCAT 2013乯丅偨偩偟丄偙偺悇掕抣偼慡懱偺嫏妉暔偺catch at size乮懱挿暿偺嫏妉検乯傪巊偭偰摼傜傟偨悇掕抣偱偁傞偺偱丄夝庍偵偼拲堄偑昁梫偱偁傞丅

側偍丄杒戝惣梞儊僇僕僉偵偮偄偰偼丄乽尷奅娗棟婎弨抣乮LRP乯乿傪梡偄偨乽巄掕揑側嫏妉娗棟婯懃乮HCRs乯乿偺摫擖偑専摙偝傟偰偄傞丅


儊僇僕僉乮杒戝惣梞乯偺帒尮偺尰嫷乮梫栺昞乯

帒尮悈弨 拞埵
帒尮摦岦 憹壛
悽奅偺嫏妉検
乮嵟嬤5擭娫乯
10,520乣13,875僩儞
嵟嬤乮2015乯擭丗10,520僩儞
暯嬒丗11,902僩儞乮2011乣2015擭乯
変偑崙偺嫏妉検
乮嵟嬤5擭娫乯
300乣639僩儞
嵟嬤乮2015乯擭丗436僩儞
暯嬒丗489僩儞乮2011乣2015擭乯
乮拲乯巄掕抣丅惗懚曻棳暘偼娷傑傟偰偄側偄丅
娗棟栚昗 MSY
栚昗抣 13,660乮13,250乣14,080乯僩儞
帒尮偺忬懺 B2011/BMSY丗1.14乮1.05乣1.24乯
F2011/FMSY丗0.82乮0.73乣0.91乯
娗棟慬抲 2017擭偺TAC傪13,700僩儞乮擔杮偺妱傝摉偰偼842僩儞乯偲偡傞丅崙暿妱傝摉偰偵偮偄偰丄妱傝摉偰暘傪挻夁傕偟偔偼梋偭偨応崌偵偼丄2擭埲撪偱偁傟偽嵎偟堷偒丒忋忔偣傪峴偄挷惍偡傞偙偲偑偱偒傞丅偨偩偟丄挷惍暘偼妱傝摉偰検偺15%乮妱傝摉偰偑500僩儞埲忋偺崙乯傑偨偼50%乮妱傝摉偰偑500僩儞枹枮偺崙乯傪挻偊側偄斖埻偲偡傞丅
壓妠嵆挿125 cm乛懱廳25 kg枹枮偺屄懱偺悈梘検傪15%埲壓偵梷偊傞偐丄壓妠嵆挿119 cm乛懱廳15 kg枹枮偺屄懱偺悈梘検傪0%偵偡傞乮搳婞検偺昡壙娷傓乯丅
娗棟婡娭丒娭學婡娭 ICCAT
嵟怴偺帒尮昡壙擭 2013擭
師夞偺帒尮昡壙擭 2017擭

幏昅幰

偐偮偍丒傑偖傠儐僯僢僩丂
偐偠偒丒偝傔僒僽儐僯僢僩
崙嵺悈嶻帒尮尋媶強 偐偮偍丒傑偖傠帒尮晹 傑偖傠嫏嬈帒尮僌儖乕僾

峛斻丂姴旻


嶲峫暥專

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  2. Beardsley, G. L. 1978. Report of the swordfish workshop held at the Miami laboratory southeast fisheries center, National Marine Fisheries Service Miami Florida. June 7-9. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 7(1): 149- 158
  3. Chow, S., and Takeyama, H. 2000. Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA analyses reveal four genetically separated breeding units of the swordfish (Xiphias gladius). J. Fish Biol. 56:1087-1098.
  4. Chow, S. Clarke, S. Nakadate, M. and Okazaki, M. 2007. Boundary between the north and south Atlantic populations of the swordfish (Xiphias gladius) inferred by a single nucleotide polymorphism at calmodulin gene intron. Mar. Biol. 152:87-93.
  5. Eharhardt, N. M., Robbins, R. J., and Arocha, F. 1996. Age validation and growth of swordfish, Xiphias gladius, in the northwest Atlantic. ICCAT SCRS/95/99. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 45 (2): 358-367.
  6. Gorni, G. R. Loibel, S., Goitein, R., and Amorim, A. F. 2011. Stomach contents analysis of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) caught off southern Brazil: A Baysian analysis., ICCAT SCRS/2011/134
  7. ICCAT. 2006a. 8 Executive summaries on species. 8.8 SWO-ATL-Atlantic swordfish. In ICCAT (ed.), Report of the standing committee on research and statistics (SCRS) (Madrid, Spain, October 2 to 6, 2006). PLE-014/2006. 83-91 pp. http://www.iccat.int/Documents/Meetings/Docs/PLE-014%20EN.pdf 乮2008擭10寧31擔乯
  8. ICCAT. 2006b. Report of the 2006 Atlantic swordfish stock assessment session (Madrid, September 4 to 8, 2006). SCRS/2006/015. http://www.iccat.int/Documents/Meetings/Docs/SCI-040%20EN.pdf 乮2008擭10寧31擔乯
  9. ICCAT. 2013. 8 Executive summaries on species.8.9 SWO-ATL-Atlantic swordfish. In ICCAT (ed.), Report of the standing committee on research and statistics (SCRS) (Madrid, Spain, September 30 to October 4, 2013). 161-180 pp.
  10. ICCAT. 2014. 8 Executive summaries on species.8.9 SWO-ATL-Atlantic swordfish. In ICCAT (ed.), Report of the standing committee on research and statistics (SCRS) (Madrid, Spain, September 29 to October 3, 2014). 145-164 pp.
  11. ICCAT. 2015. 8 Executive summaries on species.8.9 SWO-ATL-Atlantic swordfish. In ICCAT (ed.), Report of the standing committee on research and statistics (SCRS) (Madrid, Spain, September 28 to October 2, 2015). 158-176 pp.
  12. ICCAT. 2016. 8 Executive summaries on species.8.9 SWO-ATL-Atlantic swordfish. In ICCAT (ed.), Report of the standing committee on research and statistics (SCRS) (Madrid, Spain, October 3 to 7, 2016). 166-186 pp.
  13. Kasapidis, P., Valeiras, X., García-Cortés, B., Magoulas, A., and Mejuto, J. 2007. Genetic and growth profiles of several specimens of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) tagged and recaptured in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. ICCAT. SCRS/2007/120
  14. Matsumoto, T., Saito, H., and Miyabe, N. 2003. Report of observer program for Japanese tuna longline fishery in the Atlantic Ocean from September 2001 to March 2002. SCRS/2002/140. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 55(4): 1679-1718.
  15. Mejuto, J., and García-Cortés, B. 2014. Reproductive activity of swordfish Xiphias gladius, in the Atlantic Ocean inferred on the basis of macroscopic indicators. Rev. Biol. Mar, Oceanogra, Vol49. No.3.
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  17. Neilson, J. D., Smith, S., Royer, R., Paul, S. D., Porter, J. M., et al. (2009) Investigations of horizontal movements of Atlantic swordfish using pop-up satellite archival tags. Rev.: Methods Technol. Fish Biol. Fish 9: 145–159. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-9640-2_9
  18. Neilson , J., Arocha, F., Cass-Calay, S., Mejute, J., Ortiz, M., Scott, G., Smith, C. 2013. The Recovery of Atlantic Swordfish: The Comparative Roles of the Regional Fisheries Management Organization and Species Biology. Reviews in Fisheries Science 21 (2), 59-97.
  19. Ortiz, M., Restrepo, V., and Turner, S. C. 2000. North Atlantic swordfish sex-ratios at size keys: Analysis and development. SCRS/1999/083. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 51 (5): 1480-1508.
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  22. Smith BL, Lu C-P, García-Cortés B, Viñas J, Yeh S-Y, Alvarado Bremer JR (2015) Multilocus Bayesian Estimates of Intra-Oceanic Genetic Differentiation, Connectivity, and Admixture in Atlantic Swordfish (Xiphias gladius L.). PLoS ONE 10(6):e0127979. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127979