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23 儊僇僕僉 杒戝惣梞

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恾1. 崙暿嫏妉検偺擭悇堏 乮ICCAT 2009a,b)


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昞1. 嬤擭偺崙暿嫏妉検媦傃搳婞検 (僩儞)


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恾2. 戝惣梞偵偍偗傞嫏朄偛偲偺儊僇僕僉偺椵愊嫏妉検(2000乣2006擭偺崌寁)偺暘晍恾 (ICCAT 2008). 惵娵偑偼偊撽嫏朄丄敀娵偑偦偺懠偺嫏朄偵傛傞嫏妉検傪帵偡丅墌偺戝偒偝偼嫏妉検偺憡懳揑側斾傪昞偡丅 撿杒偺宯孮偼杒堒5搙(懢偄慄)偱巇愗傜傟偰偄傞丅(ICCAT 2009a,b)


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恾3. 儊僇僕僉偺惉挿嬋慄乮Eharhardt et al. 1996)


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恾4. 杮帒尮偺暘晍


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昞2. 儊僇僕僉偺惈暿擭楊暿壓妠慡挿(cm)


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恾5. 杒戝惣梞儊僇僕僉偺悈堟暿暘晍宍懺乮Ortiz et al. 2000) 僄儕傾7丒8丒17偼嶻棏堟丄1񑓛񓝕293偼愛塧堟丄4񒎢1091偼堏峴堟傪昞偡.


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恾6. 億僢僾傾僢僾傾乕僇僀僶儖僞僌偵傛傞儊僇僕僉偺墧捈峴摦僷僞乕儞. 嵍丗悈怺丄塃丗悈壏乮Matsumoto et al. 2003乯. 2002擭3寧偵僟僇乕儖壂偱憖嬈拞偺擔杮偺偼偊撽嫏慏 偱嫏妉偝傟偨屄懱乮悇掕壓妠慡挿160cm乯偐傜摼傜傟偨僨乕僞偵婎偯偄偰嶌恾丅


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恾7. 僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偱悇掕偝傟偨帒尮検(嵍)偲嫏妉巰朣棪(F)乮ICCAT 2009b乯. 帒尮検偺扨埵偼僩儞丄揰慄偼80亾怣棅尷奅傪帵偡丅


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恾8. 旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偐傜悇掕偟偨憡懳帒尮検(B/BMSY)偺擭悇堏 (ICCAT 2009b) 揰慄偼80亾怣棅尷奅傪帵偡丅


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恾9. 旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偐傜悇掕偟偨憡懳嫏妉巰朣棪偺擭悇堏 (ICCAT2009b) 揰慄偼80亾怣棅尷奅傪帵偡丅


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恾10. VPA偺儀乕僗働乕僗偱悇掕偝傟偨嶻棏恊嫑検偺朙搙曄壔(ICCAT2009b)

嵟嬤堦擭娫偺摦偒

丂2009擭9寧丄3擭傇傝偵杒戝惣梞偺儊僇僕僉偺帒尮昡壙偑峴傢傟偨丅ICCAT杮夛媍偵偍偄偰丄埾堳夛偼杮帒尮偺惗嶻椡偲MSY傪偦傟偧傟r=0.44, 13,730t偲壖掕偟偨忋偱TAC傪 13,730t埲壓偵梷偊傞偙偲丄彫宆屄懱偺嫏妉検惂尷傪宲懕偡傞傛偆姪崘傪弌偟偨丅杮夛媍偱峴傢傟偨VPA乮僐儂乕僩夝愅乯偲旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偵傛傞帒尮夝愅偵傛傞偲丄尰嵼偺帒尮検偼丄嫲傜偔1990擭戙拞婜偵弌尰偟偨戩墇擭媺孮偲嬤擭偺嫏妉検偺尭彮偵傛偭偰夞暅偟偨偙偲偑帵偝傟偨丅2009擭擭摢偺帒尮検偼丄MSY傪惗嶻偡傞偨傔偵昁梫側帒尮検乮BMSY乯偺105亾偲悇掕偝傟偨丅


嫏嬈偺奣梫

杒戝惣梞偺儊僇僕僉偼丄偐偮偰暷崙偵偍偄偰擏偵悈嬧偑懡偔娷傑傟偰偄傞偲偄偆棟桼偱悈梘偘偑嬛巭偝傟偰偄偨偑丄偦偺屻摉奩婯惂偑娚榓偝傟偨偨傔偵丄1970擭戙屻敿偐傜嫏妉検偑媫憹偟丄1987擭偵僺乕僋乮20,236僩儞乯偵払偟偨丅

2002擭埲崀偵曬崘偝傟偨嫏妉検偼娚傗偐側憹壛孹岦偵偁傞丅傑偨丄庡梫嫏嬈崙偺嫏妉僨乕僞傪傕偲偵杒戝惣梞慡堟偺僶僀僆儅僗傪悇掕偟偨寢壥丄僶僀僆儅僗偼1990擭戙屻敿偐傜憹壛孹岦傪帵偡傕偺偺丄2000擭偐傜2005擭偺娫偼埨掕孹岦偵偁傞偙偲偑帵偝傟偨丅

夁嫀10擭偺暯嬒嫏妉検偼11,370僩儞偱偁傞偑丄2008擭偺悈梘偘偼巰朣搳婞傕娷傔偰10,752僩儞偲悇掕偝傟偨丅偙傟偼丄夁嫀嵟崅傪婰榐偟偨1987擭偺53%尭偱偁傝丄婯惂偺岠壥媦傃嫏慏偺撿戝惣梞媦傃戝惣梞奜傊偺堏摦偵傛傞傕偺偲峫偊傜傟傞丅傑偨廬棃儊僇僕僉傪愱栧偵嫏妉偟偰偄偨僇僫僟丄僗儁僀儞丄暷崙丄億儖僩僈儖偺偼偊撽嫏慏偼丄宱嵪揑側棟桼偱堦晹庡懳徾嫑庬傪傑偖傠椶媦傃偝傔椶偵曄峏偟偰偄傞丅2002擭埲崀偵曬崘偝傟偨嫏妉検偼2005擭傑偱娚傗偐側憹壛孹岦偵偁偭偨偑丄嬤擭尭彮孹岦偺挍偟傪尒偣偰偄傞丅乮恾1丄昞1乯丅

杒戝惣梞偵偍偄偰儊僇僕僉偼丄愱傜偼偊撽嫏嬈偵傛偭偰嫏妉偝傟偰偄傞丅偙偺偆偪丄暷崙丄僇僫僟丄僗儁僀儞丄億儖僩僈儖丄僽儔僕儖丄儌儘僢僐丄儀僱僘僄儔摍偼儊僇僕僉傪愱栧偵慱偭偰憖嬈偡傞愺撽乮栭撽乯憖嬈偵傛傞嫏妉偑戝晹暘偱偁傞偺偵懳偟偰丄擔杮丄戜榩丄拞崙偺嫏妉偼丄傑偖傠椶傪慱偭偨怺撽傗晛捠撽憖嬈偵傛傞崿妉偱偁傞乮昞1乯丅傑偨丄嬤擭杮宯孮偺帒尮悈弨偑埆壔偟偰偄傞帠傪庴偗偰丄奺崙偑師偺傛偆側帺庡婯惂傪峴偭偰偄傞丅


擔杮丟 擔杮偺偼偊撽嫏慏偼丄2000擭2寧傛傝嫏妉偝傟偨儊僇僕僉偺偆偪丄惗偒偰嫏妉偝傟偨屄懱偼曻棳偟丄巰傫偱嫏妉偝傟偨傕偺偼奀忋搳婞偟偰偄傞丅2003擭傪傕偭偰偙偺慬抲偼夝彍偝傟偨偑丄擔杮惌晎偼帒尮曐岇偺娤揰偐傜2004擭埲崀傕惗偒偰嫏妉偝傟偨儊僇僕僉偺曻棳傪奺嫏慏偵媊柋偯偗偰偄傞丅側偍丄曻棳丒搳婞偝傟偨屄懱偺撪丄巰朣搳婞偝傟偨晹暘偩偗偑丄擔杮偺嫏妉偲偟偰ICCAT偺摑寁偵寁忋偝傟偰偄傞丅
暷崙丟2008擭偵偍偄偰丄暷崙偺儊僇僕僉嫏妉検偺93%偼墦梞偼偊撽偱嫏妉偝傟偰偄傞丅暷崙偺偼偊撽慏偼戝惣梞惣晹偱揥奐偝傟偰偍傝丄僉僴僟偲儊僇僕僉傪庡懳徾庬偲偟偰偄傞丅嫏妉婯惂丄嫑壙掅柪丄擱桘崅摣摍偵傛傝惽悢偼400偐傜120傑偱尭彮偟偨丅2001擭偐傜暷崙EEZ撪偵偍偄偰丄2偮偺奀嬫傪塱媣嬛嫏嬫偲偟偰儊僇僕僉彫宆嫑偺嫏妉傪婯惂偡傞偲嫟偵丄3偮偺奀嬫偱偼僋儘儅僌儘彫宆嫑曐岇偺堊偺嬛嫏婜偑愝掕偝傟偰偄傞丅偙偺懠丄2004擭偵偼惗懺宯娗棟傾僾儘乕僠偵懃傝丄僂儈僈儊摍偺崿妉惗暔偺巰朣棪掅尭偺堊偵暷崙墦梞偼偊撽嫏慏偵僒乕僋儖僼僢僋偺巊梡偑媊柋晅偗傜傟偨丅
僇僫僟丟僇僫僟偺儊僇僕僉嫏嬈偼丄2002擭偐傜ITQ乮Individual Transferable Quota乯僔僗僥儉傪摫擖偟丄僋僅乕僞偺10%偑撍偒傫朹丄90%偑偼偊撽偱嫏妉偝傟偰偄傞丅杮嫏嬈偼丄僕儑乕僕僘僶儞僋乣僌儔儞僪僶儞僋僗搶晹偵偍偄偰5~11寧偺娫峴傢傟偰偄傞偑丄奀嫷偺曄壔偵傛傝僌儔儞僪僶儞僋僗搶晹偱偺憖嬈偼嬤擭杦偳尒傜傟側偄丅傑偨丄嵟嬤偺儊僇僕僉偺巗応壙奿偺掅壓偵傛傝懠偺傑偖傠椶傪慱偆憖嬈偑憹偊偰偄傞丅
僗儁僀儞丟杒戝惣梞偱憖嬈偡傞偼偊撽嫏慏偺懡偔偼丄嫑壙偺曄摦偵懳墳偟偰暋悢嫑庬傪懳徾偲偟偨憖嬈傪峴偭偰偄傞丅傑偨丄嬤擭儌僲僼傿儔儊儞僩偺姴撽傪摫擖偟丄憖嬈偺岠棪壔傪恾偭偰偄傞丅

儊僇僕僉偼慜慄堟傗奀嶳廃曈偱懡偔嫏妉偝傟傞帠偑抦傜傟偰偄傞偑丄杒戝惣梞偱傕摨條偺悈堟偵庡嫏応偑宍惉偝傟偰偄傞乮恾2乯丅


惗暔妛揑摿挜

亂惉挿偲惉弉亃

儊僇僕僉偺惉挿偼丄庒楊帪偵媫寖偵戝偒偔側傞帠偲丄帗梇偱惉挿偑堎側傝丄帗偼梇傛傝傕惉挿偑憗偔偐偮戝宆壔偡傞偙偲偑摿挜偱偁傞丅惉弉擭楊偼帗梇偲傕5嵨偲峫偊傜傟偰偄傞丅Mejuto and Garc?a-Cort?s (2007) 偵傛傞偲丄儊僗偺斏怋峴摦偼昞憌悈偺壏搙偲娭楢偟偰偍傝戝惣梞惣晹擬懷堟偺抔悈偺塭嬁傪嫮偔庴偗丄儊僗偼146cm偱惉弉偡傞偙偲偑柧傜偐偵側偭偨丅峏偵丄戝惣梞偵偍偄偰丄杮庬偼庡梫側斏怋堟偲丄嶶嵼揑側婫愡惈傪帩偭偨斏怋堟媦傃旕斏怋堟偲偺娫偱惐傒暘偗傪峴偭偰偄傞偙偲偑帵嵈偝傟偨丅 嵟怴偺寢壥偲偟偰丄Eharhardt et al. (1996)偑丄2,000屄懱埲忋偺昗杮偵偮偄偰鋅昲戞2灆偵弌尰偡傞擭椫傪梡偄偰擭楊嵏掕傪峴偭偨寢壥傪婎偵惉挿傪悇掕偟偰偄傞(恾3, 昞2)丅斵傜偺夝愅寢壥偼ICCAT偱嫏妉暔懱挿慻惉傪嫏妉暔擭楊慻惉偵曄姺偡傞嵺偵梡偄傜傟偰偄傞丅偙偺夝愅寢壥偼丄婛墲偺尋媶偺拞偱傕嵟傕懡偔偺昗杮偵婎偯偄偨傕偺偱偁傞偑丄夝愅偵梡偄偨屄懱偺拞偵壓妠慡挿250cm埲忋偺傕偺偑傎偲傫偳柍偐偭偨偺偱丄帗偺戝宆屄懱偵娭偟偰偼丄悇掕惛搙偑埆偔側偭偰偄傞丅

亂嶻棏偲夞梀亃

嶻棏偼惣戝惣梞擬懷堟乮僇儕僽奀乣撿暷杒惣娸乯偵偍偄偰弔偐傜弶壞偵偐偗偰挿婜偵懕偔偙偲偑帵嵈偝傟偰偄傞乮恾4丄5乯丅杒戝惣梞偺儊僇僕僉偼丄婫愡偲嫟偵擬懷堟偐傜壏懷堟傊偲愛塧夞梀傪峴偆偑丄嵟嬤偺尋媶偵傛偭偰丄梇偼嶻棏応偐傜偁傑傝棧傟偢丄帗偺曽偑挿嫍棧夞梀傪峴偆偙偲偑巜揈偝傟偰偄傞丅傑偨惉嫑偼擔廃墧捈堏摦傪峴偄丄拫娫偼悈怺300乣400倣偵栭娫偼悈壏桇憌偺忋晹偵惗懅偡傞偙偲偑丄億僢僾傾僢僾傾乕僇僀僶儖僞僌(PSAT)僨乕僞偺夝愅偐傜帵偝傟偰偄傞乮恾6乯丅儊僇僕僉偺堓撪梕暔傪挷傋傞偲丄晜嫑椶丄掙嫑椶丄怺奀嫑丄擃懱摦暔側偳暆峀偄惗暔偑弌尰偡傞偺偱丄妶敪側墧捈堏摦傪峴偄側偑傜暆峀偄悈怺懷偱曔怘妶摦傪峴偭偰偄傞偲峫偊傜傟偰偄傞丅PSAT傪梡偄偨嵟怴偺抦尒偱偼丄杮庬偼嶕塧堟偵棷傑傞孹岦傪帵偟丄捠忢昗幆偱摼傜傟偨寢壥偲摨條偵杒惣晹偐傜杒搶晹傊偺堏摦偼杦偳尒傜傟側偄帠偑柧傜偐偵側偭偨丅

亂帒尮峔憿亃

ICCAT偼2006擭3寧偵儊僇僕僉偺帒尮峔憿偵娭偡傞儚乕僋僔儑僢僾傪奐嵜偟偨丅偙偺儚乕僋僔儑僢僾偱丄抧拞奀丄杒戝惣梞丄撿戝惣梞偵偼偦傟偧傟撈棫偟偨宯孮偑懚嵼偡傞偙偲偑嵞妋擣偝傟偨(2006a,b)丅2009擭偺帒尮昡壙夛媍偱採弌偝傟偨妀DNA傪梡偄偨宯孮敾暿偺寢壥偼偙偺壖愢傪巟帩偡傞傕偺偱偁偭偨丅儚乕僋僔儑僢僾偵偼戝惣梞撿杒偺嫬奅慄偑尰峴偺杒堒5搙傛傝傕杒懁偵懚嵼偡傞壜擻惈傪帵嵈偡傞DNA暘愅寢壥偑暋悢採弌偝傟偨偑丄偳偺尋媶傕巊梡偟偰偄傞昗杮偑僇僶乕偡傞悈堟傗帪婜偑尷傜傟偰偍傝丄嫬奅慄傪曄峏偡傞偵偼晄廫暘偱偁傞偲敾抐偝傟偨丅尰嵼偺宯孮嫬奅慄傪尒捈偡偨傔偵偼丄峀斖側悈堟媦傃婫愡傪僇僶乕偡傞廫暘側検偺昗杮傪奺崙偑嫤椡偟偰廂廤丒夝愅偡傞昁梫偑偁傞丅Kasapidis et al. (2007)偱偼丄抧拞奀丄戝惣梞丄僀儞僪梞偲3偮偺庡側屄懱孮偺懚嵼偑帵嵈偝傟丄拞偱傕戝惣梞偵偍偄偰偼杒偐傜撿傊峴偔偵廬偄僀儞僪梞嶻儊僇僕僉偵屌桳偺堚揱巕傪傕偮屄懱偺妱崌偑憹壛偡傞偲偄偆帠偑柧傜偐偵側偭偨丅


帒尮忬懺

2009擭偺ICCAT偺儊僇僕僉帒尮昡壙嶌嬈晹夛偵偍偄偰旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偲VPA乮僐儂乕僩夝愅乯傪梡偄偰帒尮夝愅偑峴傢傟偨丅僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偵偼帒尮検巜悢偲偟偰丄暷崙丄僇僫僟丄擔杮丄僗儁僀儞丄儌儘僢僐丄億儖僩僈儖偺偼偊撽嫏嬈僨乕僞傪堦偮偵傑偲傔偰昗弨壔偟偨CPUE偑巊梡偝傟丄VPA偺僠儏乕僯儞僌偵偼丄帒尮朙搙巜悢偲偟偰4儢崙(暷崙丄僇僫僟丄擔杮丄僗儁僀儞)偺嫏嬈偺擭楊暿CPUE乮掁傝奲1,000杮摉偨傝嫏妉旜悢乯偑梡偄傜傟偨丅旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偱寁嶼偟偨寢壥丄僶僀僆儅僗偼2000擭埲崀憹壛孹岦偵偁傞偙偲丄嫏妉巰朣棪偼1995擭傪僺乕僋偲偟偰庒姳偺憹尭偼偁傞傕偺偺尭彮孹岦傪帵偟丄2005擭埲崀偺嫏妉巰朣棪(F)偼FMSY (MSY儗儀儖偱嫏妉傪峴偭偨帪偺F)埲壓偱偁傞帠偑帵偝傟偨(恾7)丅偙傟傜偺寢壥偼丄ICCAT偺帒尮夞暅寁夋偑堦掕偺岠壥傪偁偘偨偙偲傪帵嵈偟偰偄傞偑丄嬤擭TAC傪壓夞傞嫏妉検偑懕偄偰偄傞偵傕娭傢傜偢(嫏妉検偵)挊偟偄憹壛孹岦偑尒傜傟側偄偙偲偐傜丄杮庬偺嵞惗嶻椡偼廬棃偺壖掕傛傝傕掅偔廋惓偝傟偨(r:0.49偐傜0.44偵廋惓)丅僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偑悇掕偟偨MSY偼栺13,730僩儞偱偁偭偨丅2009擭擭摢偺帒尮検偼丄MSY傪惗嶻偡傞偨傔偵昁梫側帒尮検乮BMSY乯偺105亾偵偁傞偲悇掕偝傟乮恾8乯丄2008擭偺嫏妉巰朣學悢乮F乯偼FMSY傛傝傕24亾掅偄偲悇掕偝傟偨乮恾9乯丅夝愅偵偼婔偮偐偺晄妋幚側揰偑偁傞傕偺偺丄旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖夝愅偵僽乕僩僗僩儔僢僾朄傪揔梡偟偰丄夝愅寢壥偺怣棅惈傪専摙偟偨寢壥丄尰嵼偺帒尮検偼50%埲忋偺妋棪偱BMSY傪忋夞傝丄嫏妉巰朣學悢偼90%埲忋偺妋棪偱FMSY傪壓夞傞帠偑帵偝傟偨丅側偍丄崱夞偺寢壥偲2006擭偺寢壥傪斾妑偡傞偲丄帒尮検偲F偺宱擭曄壔偼1990擭傑偱椶帡偟偰偄偨偑丄偦偺屻偼崱夞悇掕偟偨F偺曽偑掅偔丄帒尮検偼崅偔側偭偰偄偨丅VPA夝愅偺寢壥丄嶻棏恊嫑検偺僩儗儞僪偼1999擭傑偱偼尠挊側尭彮孹岦傪帵偡傕偺偺丄1999擭埲崀媫憹偟偰偍傝乮恾10乯丄嫏妉巰朣棪偼慡偰偺擭媺偱1996擭偛傠傑偱憹壛孹岦偵偁偭偨偑偦傟埲屻戝偒偔尭彮孹岦傪帵偟偰偄偨丅偙傟傜偺寢壥偼丄2006擭偺悇掕抣偲奣偹椶帡偟偰偄偨丅奺崙偐傜採弌偝傟偨擭楊暿偺帒尮検巜悢傕嵟嬤擭傪彍偄偰丄僩儗儞僪偼椙偔椶帡偟偰偍傝丄1990擭戙廔斦偵斾妑揑嫮偄擭媺孮偺壛擖偑偁傝丄偦傟傜偑弴挷偵嶻棏恊嫑偵惉挿偟偰偄傞帠傪帵偟偰偄傞丅嵟嬤擭偺壛擖悈弨偵娭偡傞忣曬偼丄彫宆嫑偺庡偨傞忣曬尮偱偁傞崙乆偺僨乕僞採弌偑懾偭偰偄傞偙偲丄彫宆嫑嫏妉婯惂偺堊偺嬛嫏婜丒嬛嫏嬫偑愝掕偝傟偨偙偲摍偺棟桼偵傛傝晄懌偟偰偍傝丄椺偊偽1嵨嫑偺忣曬偼2001擭埲崀峏怴偝傟偰偄側偄丅


娗棟曽嶔

杮帒尮悈弨傪50%埲忋偺妋棪偱MSY払惉儗儀儖偵堐帩偡傞偨傔偵偼丄擭娫嫏妉検傪13,700僩儞枹枮偵惂尷偡傞傋偒偲偺姪崘偑弌偝傟偨丅偙偺嫏妉検傪弲庣偡傞偙偲偱丄尰嵼偺奀梞娐嫬媦傃嫏嬈偺忬嫷壓偱嵟戝惗嶻検偺棙梡傪払惉偡傞偙偲偑弌棃傞偲峫偊傜傟傞丅梊杊揑傾僾儘乕僠偲偟偰丄嫏妉検傪13,000僩儞偵惂尷偡傞偙偲偱丄75%偺妋棪偱10擭娫偼帒尮傪埨掕側忬懺偵曐偮偙偲偑偱偒傞偲偺梊應偑摼傜傟偰偄傞丅尰嵼戝惣梞慡堟偵偮偄偰丄嘆壓妠嵆挿125cm埲壓偺嫑偺崿妉棪傪15亾埲壓偵墴偝偊傞丄嘇壓妠嵆挿119cm埲壓偺嫑偺崿妉棪傪0%偲偡傞丄偲偄偆俀偮偺僆僾僔儑儞傪帩偭偨嵟彫懱挿婯惂偑偁傞丅2006-2008擭偵杒戝惣梞偱嫏妉偝傟偨125cm埲壓偺屄懱偺妱崌偼28亾乮旜悢乯偲悇掕偝傟偰偄傞丅扐偟丄偙偺悇掕抣偼慡懱偺嫏妉暔偺catch at age傪巊偭偰戙擖偟偰摼傜傟偨傕偺偱偁傞偺偱丄夝庍偵偼拲堄偑昁梫偱偁傞丅忋婰婯惂偁傞偄偼丄奺崙偑撈帺偵摫擖偟偰偄傞嫏嬈婯惂偵傛偭偰丄婔偮偐偺嫏嬈崙偵墬偄偰偼丄嫏妉媦傃僒僀僘僨乕僞偺幙媦傃宲懕惈偑懝側傢傟夝愅偺幙揑側掅壓偑擣傔傜傟偨丅偙偆偟偨帠偑崱屻傕懕偔偲丄彨棃偺帒尮昡壙偵埆塭嬁傪梌偊傞帠偑寽擮偝傟傞丅


儊僇僕僉乮杒戝惣梞乯帒尮偺尰嫷乮梫栺昞乯

帒尮悈弨 拞埵
帒尮摦岦 憹壛
悽奅偺嫏妉検
(2002乣2006擭乯
10,752乣12,446僩儞
暯嬒丗11,830僩儞
変偑崙偺嫏妉検
乮2007擭乯
575乣907僩儞
乮拲乯巄掕抣丅惗懚曻棳暘偼娷傑傟偰偄側偄丅
娗棟栚昗 MSY
栚昗抣 13,730(13,020-14,182乯僩儞
帒尮偺尰忬 B2006/BMSY丗1.05
乮0.94乣1.24乯
F2005/FMSY丗0.76
(0.67 -0.96)
娗棟慬抲 2010擭偺TAC傪13,700僩儞乮擔杮偺妱傝摉偰偼901僩儞乯偲偡傞丅 彫宆屄懱乮壓妠嵆挿125cm乛懱廳25kg枹枮乯偺悈梘偘検傪15亾埲壓偵梷偊傞偐丄壓妠嵆挿119cm乛懱廳15kg枹枮偺屄懱偺悈梘偘検傪0亾偵偡傞丅
帒尮娗棟丒昡壙婡娭 ICCAT

幏昅幰

傑偖傠丒偐偮偍僌儖乕僾
擬懷惈傑偖傠椶僒僽僌儖乕僾
墦梞悈嶻尋媶強 擬懷惈傑偖傠尋媶幒

愬攇 桋巕

墦梞悈嶻尋媶強 崿妉惗暔尋媶幒

梋愳 峗懢榊


嶲峫暥專

  1. Eharhardt, N.M., R.J. Robbins and F. Arocha. 1996. Age validation and growth of swordfish, Xiphias gladius, in the northwest Atlantic. ICCAT SCRS/95/99. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 45 (2): 358-367.
  2. ICCAT. 2006a. 8 Executive summaries on species. 8.8 SWO-ATL-Atlantic swordfish. In ICCAT (ed.), Report of the standing committee on research and statistics (SCRS) (Madrid, Spain, October 2 to 6, 2006). PLE-014/2006. 83-91 pp. http://www.iccat.int/Documents/Meetings/Docs/PLE-014%20EN.pdf 乮2008擭10寧31擔乯
  3. ICCAT. 2006b. Report of the 2006 Atlantic swordfish stock assessment session (Madrid, September 4 to 8, 2006). SCRS/2006/015. http://www.iccat.int/Documents/Meetings/Docs/SCI-040%20EN.pdf 乮2008擭10寧31擔乯
  4. ICCAT 2009a. 8 Executive summaries on species. 8.8 SWO-ATL-Atlantic swordfish. In ICCAT (ed.), Report of the standing committee on research and statistics (SCRS) (Madrid, Spain, October 5 to 9, 2009). 111-127 pp.http://www.iccat.int/Documents/Meetings/Docs/2009-SCRS_ENG.pdf
  5. ICCAT2009b. Report of the 2009 Atlantic swordfish stock assessment session (Madrid, September 7 to 11, 2009). SCRS/2009/016.http://www.iccat.int/Documents/Meetings/Docs/2009_SWO_ASSESS_ENG.pdf
  6. Kasapidis, P, X. Valeiras, B. Garc?a-Cort?s, A. Magoulas and J. Mejuto. 2007. Genetic and growth profiles of several specimens of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) tagged and recaptured in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. ICCAT. SCRS/2007/120
  7. Matsumoto, T., H. Saito and N. Miyabe. 2003. Report of observer program for Japanese tuna longline fishery in the Atlantic Ocean from September 2001 to March 2002. SCRS/2002/140. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 55(4): 1679-1718.
  8. Mejuto, J. and B. Garc?a-Cort?s. 2007. Reproductive activity of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the Atlantic ocean on the basis of different macroscopic indicators. ICCAT. SCRS/2007/111
  9. Ortiz, M., V. Restrepo and S.C. Turner. 2000. North Atlantic swordfish sex-ratios at size keys: Analysis and development. SCRS/1999/083. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 51 (5): 1480-1508.