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23 儊僇僕僉 杒戝惣梞

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恾1. 崙暿嫏妉検偺擭悇堏 乮ICCAT 2007)


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昞1. 嬤擭偺崙暿嫏妉検媦傃搳婞検 (僩儞)


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恾2. 戝惣梞偵偍偗傞嫏朄偛偲偺儊僇僕僉偺椵愊嫏妉検(2000乣2006擭偺崌寁)偺暘晍恾 (ICCAT 2008). 惵娵偑偼偊撽嫏朄丄敀娵偑偦偺懠偺嫏朄偵傛傞嫏妉検傪帵偡丅墌偺戝偒偝偼嫏妉検偺憡懳揑側斾傪昞偡丅 撿杒偺宯孮偼杒堒5搙(懢偄慄)偱巇愗傜傟偰偄傞丅(ICCAT 2008)


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恾3. 儊僇僕僉偺惉挿嬋慄乮Eharhardt et al. 1996)


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恾4. 杮帒尮偺暘晍


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昞2. 儊僇僕僉偺惈暿擭楊暿壓妠慡挿(cm)


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恾5. 杒戝惣梞儊僇僕僉偺悈堟暿暘晍宍懺乮Ortiz et al. 2000) 僄儕傾7丒8丒17偼嶻棏堟丄1񑓛񓝕293偼愛塧堟丄4񒎢1091偼堏峴堟傪昞偡.


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恾6. 億僢僾傾僢僾傾乕僇僀僶儖僞僌偵傛傞儊僇僕僉偺墧捈峴摦僷僞乕儞. 嵍丗悈怺丄塃丗悈壏乮Matsumoto et al. 2003乯. 2002擭3寧偵僟僇乕儖壂偱憖嬈拞偺擔杮偺偼偊撽嫏慏 偱嫏妉偝傟偨屄懱乮悇掕壓妠慡挿160cm乯偐傜摼傜傟偨僨乕僞偵婎偯偄偰嶌恾丅


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恾7. 帒尮検巜悢偲嫏妉検 乮ICCAT 2006a乯. 帒尮検巜悢偺扨埵偼掁傝奲1,000杮摉偨傝偺嫏妉廳検乮kg乯丄嫏妉検偺扨埵偼僩儞丅


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恾8. 旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偐傜悇掕偟偨嫏妉學悢偺擭悇堏 (ICCAT 2006b). 嫏妉學悢偼FMSY偵懳偡傞憡懳抣.


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恾9. 旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偐傜悇掕偟偨帒尮検偺擭悇堏 (ICCAT2006b). 嫏妉學悢偼BMSY偵懳偡傞憡懳抣.拑慄偼80亾怣棅尷奅.


嵟嬤堦擭娫偺摦偒

2008擭搙偵偮偄偰丄杒戝惣梞偺儊僇僕僉偺帒尮昡壙偼峴傢傟偰偄側偄偑丄2008擭廐偵奐嵜偝傟偨ICCAT杮夛媍偵偍偄偰丄埾堳夛偼杮帒尮偺惗嶻椡偲MSY傪偦傟偧傟r=0.49, 14,100t偲壖掕偟偨忋偱嶐擭搙偲摨條偺TAC (14,000t) 傪堷偒懕偒弲庣偟丄彫宆屄懱偺嫏妉検惂尷傪宲懕偡傞傛偆姪崘傪弌偟偨丅2006擭偺ICCAT偺儊僇僕僉嶌嬈晹夛偱峴傢傟偨VPA乮僐儂乕僩夝愅乯偲旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偵傛傞帒尮夝愅偵傛傞偲丄尰嵼偺帒尮検偼丄嫲傜偔1990擭戙拞婜偵弌尰偟偨戩墇擭媺孮偲嬤擭偺嫏妉検偺尭彮偵傛偭偰夞暅偟偨偙偲偑帵偝傟偨丅2006擭擭摢偺帒尮検偼丄MSY傪惗嶻偡傞偨傔偵昁梫側帒尮検乮BMSY乯偺99亾偲悇掕偝傟偨丅


嫏嬈偺奣梫

杒戝惣梞偺儊僇僕僉偼丄偐偮偰暷崙偵偍偄偰擏偵悈嬧偑懡偔娷傑傟偰偄傞偲偄偆棟桼偱悈梘偘偑嬛巭偝傟偰偄偨偑丄偦偺屻摉奩婯惂偑娚榓偝傟偨偨傔偵丄1970擭戙屻敿偐傜嫏妉検偑媫憹偟丄1987擭偵僺乕僋乮20,236僩儞乯偵払偟偨丅 夁嫀10擭偺暯嬒嫏妉検偼11,443僩儞偱偁傞偑丄2007擭偺悈梘偘偼巰朣搳婞傕娷傔偰11,938僩儞偲悇掕偝傟偨丅偙傟偼丄夁嫀嵟崅傪婰榐偟偨1987擭偺41%尭偱偁傝丄婯惂偺岠壥媦傃嫏慏偺撿戝惣梞媦傃戝惣梞奜傊偺堏摦偵傛傞傕偺偲峫偊傜傟傞丅傑偨廬棃儊僇僕僉傪愱栧偵嫏妉偟偰偄偨僇僫僟丄僗儁僀儞丄暷崙丄億儖僩僈儖偺偼偊撽嫏慏偼丄宱嵪揑側棟桼偱堦晹庡懳徾嫑庬傪傑偖傠椶媦傃偝傔椶偵曄峏偟偰偄傞丅乮恾1昞1乯丅

2002擭埲崀偵曬崘偝傟偨嫏妉検偼娚傗偐側憹壛孹岦偵偁傞丅傑偨丄庡梫嫏嬈崙偺嫏妉僨乕僞傪傕偲偵杒戝惣梞慡堟偺僶僀僆儅僗傪悇掕偟偨寢壥丄僶僀僆儅僗偼1990擭戙屻敿偐傜憹壛孹岦傪帵偡傕偺偺丄2000擭偐傜2005擭偺娫偼埨掕孹岦偵偁傞偙偲偑帵偝傟偨丅

杒戝惣梞偵偍偄偰儊僇僕僉偼丄愱傜偼偊撽嫏嬈偵傛偭偰嫏妉偝傟偰偄傞丅偙偺偆偪丄暷崙丄僇僫僟丄僗儁僀儞丄億儖僩僈儖丄僽儔僕儖丄儌儘僢僐丄儀僱僘僄儔摍偼儊僇僕僉傪愱栧偵慱偭偰憖嬈偡傞愺撽乮栭撽乯憖嬈偵傛傞嫏妉偑戝晹暘偱偁傞偺偵懳偟偰丄擔杮丄戜榩丄拞崙偺嫏妉偼丄傑偖傠椶傪慱偭偨怺撽傗晛捠撽憖嬈偵傛傞崿妉偱偁傞乮昞1乯丅傑偨丄嬤擭杮宯孮偺帒尮悈弨偑埆壔偟偰偄傞帠傪庴偗偰丄奺崙偑師偺傛偆側帺庡婯惂傪峴偭偰偄傞丅


擔杮丟 5擭偺僽儘僢僋僋僅乕僞傪慡偰徚壔偟偰偟傑偭偨堊偵丄2000擭2寧傛傝嫏妉偝傟偨儊僇僕僉偺偆偪丄惗偒偰嫏妉偝傟偨屄懱偼曻棳偟丄巰傫偱嫏妉偝傟偨傕偺偼奀忋搳婞偟偰偄傞丅2003擭傪傕偭偰偙偺慬抲偼夝彍偝傟偨偑丄擔杮惌晎偼帒尮曐岇偺娤揰偐傜2004擭埲崀傕惗偒偰嫏妉偝傟偨儊僇僕僉偺曻棳傪奺嫏慏偵媊柋偯偗偰偄傞丅側偍丄曻棳丒搳婞偝傟偨屄懱偺撪丄巰朣搳婞偝傟偨晹暘偩偗偑丄擔杮偺嫏妉偲偟偰ICCAT偺摑寁偵寁忋偝傟偰偄傞丅
暷崙丟2001擭偐傜5偮偺奀嬫偲帪婜偱彫宆儊僇僕僉偺嫏妉傪婯惂偟偰偄傞丅
僇僫僟丟僋僅乕僞娗棟傪揙掙偡傞偨傔1999乣2001擭偼儊僇僕僉傪庡懳徾偲偟偨偼偊撽憖嬈傪8寧枛偱懪偪愗傝偲偟偨乮捠忢偼10寧傑偱峴傢傟傞乯丅偟偐偟側偑傜2002擭偐傜偼ITQ乮Individual Transferable Quota乯僔僗僥儉傪摫擖偟偨偨傔丄庡懳徾憖嬈偼11寧傑偱壜擻偲側偭偨丅偨偩偟嵟嬤偼丄儊僇僕僉偺巗応壙奿偺掅壓偵傛傝懠偺傑偖傠椶傪慱偆憖嬈偑憹偊偰偄傞丅偙偆偟偨堦曽偱丄僗儁僀儞偺偼偊撽嫏慏偺懡偔偼丄嬤擭儌僲僼傿儔儊儞僩偺姴撽傪摫擖偟丄憖嬈偺岠棪壔傪恾偭偰偄傞丅

儊僇僕僉偼慜慄堟傗奀嶳廃曈偱懡偔嫏妉偝傟傞帠偑抦傜傟偰偄傞偑丄杒戝惣梞偱傕摨條偺悈堟偵庡嫏応偑宍惉偝傟偰偄傞乮恾2乯丅


惗暔妛揑摿挜

亂惉挿偲惉弉亃

儊僇僕僉偺惉挿偼丄庒楊帪偵媫寖偵戝偒偔側傞帠偲丄帗梇偱惉挿偑堎側傝丄帗偼梇傛傝傕惉挿偑憗偔偐偮戝宆壔偡傞偙偲偑摿挜偱偁傞丅惉弉擭楊偼帗梇偲傕5嵨偲峫偊傜傟偰偄傞丅Mejuto and Garc?a-Cort?s (2007) 偵傛傞偲丄儊僗偺斏怋峴摦偼昞憌悈偺壏搙偲娭楢偟偰偍傝戝惣梞惣晹擬懷堟偺抔悈偺塭嬁傪嫮偔庴偗丄儊僗偼146cm偱惉弉偡傞偙偲偑柧傜偐偵側偭偨丅峏偵丄戝惣梞偵偍偄偰丄杮庬偼庡梫側斏怋堟偲丄嶶嵼揑側婫愡惈傪帩偭偨斏怋堟媦傃旕斏怋堟偲偺娫偱惐傒暘偗傪峴偭偰偄傞偙偲偑帵嵈偝傟偨丅 嵟怴偺寢壥偲偟偰丄Eharhardt et al. (1995)偑丄2,000屄懱埲忋偺昗杮偵偮偄偰鋅昲戞2灆偵弌尰偡傞擭椫傪梡偄偰擭楊嵏掕傪峴偭偨寢壥傪婎偵惉挿傪悇掕偟偰偄傞(恾3, 昞2)丅斵傜偺夝愅寢壥偼ICCAT偱嫏妉暔懱挿慻惉傪嫏妉暔擭楊慻惉偵曄姺偡傞嵺偵梡偄傜傟偰偄傞丅偙偺夝愅寢壥偼丄婛墲偺尋媶偺拞偱傕嵟傕懡偔偺昗杮偵婎偯偄偨傕偺偱偁傞偑丄夝愅偵梡偄偨屄懱偺拞偵壓妠慡挿250cm埲忋偺傕偺偑傎偲傫偳柍偐偭偨偺偱丄帗偺戝宆屄懱偵娭偟偰偼丄悇掕惛搙偑埆偔側偭偰偄傞丅

亂嶻棏偲夞梀亃

嶻棏偼惣戝惣梞擬懷堟乮僇儕僽奀乣撿暷杒惣娸乯偵偍偄偰弔偐傜弶壞偵偐偗偰挿婜偵懕偔偙偲偑帵嵈偝傟偰偄傞乮恾4, 5乯丅杒戝惣梞偺儊僇僕僉偼丄婫愡偲嫟偵擬懷堟偐傜壏懷堟傊偲愛塧夞梀傪峴側偆偑丄嵟嬤偺尋媶偵傛偭偰丄梇偼嶻棏応偐傜偁傑傝棧傟偢丄帗偺曽偑挿嫍棧夞梀傪峴側偆偙偲偑巜揈偝傟偰偄傞丅傑偨惉嫑偼擔廃墧捈堏摦傪峴側偄丄拫娫偼悈怺300乣400倣偵栭娫偼悈壏桇憌偺忋晹偵惗懅偡傞偙偲偑丄億僢僾傾僢僾傾乕僇僀僶儖僞僌僨乕僞偺夝愅偐傜帵偝傟偰偄傞乮恾6乯丅儊僇僕僉偺堓撪梕暔傪挷傋傞偲丄晜嫑椶丄掙嫑椶丄怺奀嫑丄擃懱摦暔側偳暆峀偄惗暔偑弌尰偡傞偺偱丄妶敪側墧捈堏摦傪峴偄側偑傜暆峀偄悈怺懷偱曔怘妶摦傪峴偭偰偄傞偲峫偊傜傟偰偄傞丅

亂帒尮峔憿亃

ICCAT偼2006擭3寧偵儊僇僕僉偺帒尮峔憿偵娭偡傞儚乕僋僔儑僢僾傪奐嵜偟偨丅偙偺儚乕僋僔儑僢僾偱丄抧拞奀丄杒戝惣梞丄撿戝惣梞偵偼偦傟偧傟撈棫偟偨宯孮偑懚嵼偡傞偙偲偑嵞妋擣偝傟偨丅儚乕僋僔儑僢僾偵偼戝惣梞撿杒偺嫬奅慄偑尰峴偺杒堒5搙傛傝傕杒懁偵懚嵼偡傞壜擻惈傪帵嵈偡傞DNA暘愅寢壥偑暋悢採弌偝傟偨偑丄偳偺尋媶傕巊梡偟偰偄傞昗杮偑僇僶乕偡傞悈堟傗帪婜偑尷傜傟偰偍傝丄嫬奅慄傪曄峏偡傞偵偼晄廫暘偱偁傞偲敾抐偝傟偨丅尰嵼偺宯孮嫬奅慄傪尒捈偡偨傔偵偼丄峀斖側悈堟媦傃婫愡傪僇僶乕偡傞廫暘側検偺昗杮傪奺崙偑嫤椡偟偰廂廤丒夝愅偡傞昁梫偑偁傞丅Kasapidis et al. (2007)偱偼丄抧拞奀丄戝惣梞丄僀儞僪梞偲3偮偺庡側屄懱孮偺懚嵼偑帵嵈偝傟丄拞偱傕戝惣梞偵偍偄偰偼杒偐傜撿傊峴偔偵廬偄僀儞僪梞宯孮偺妱崌偑憹壛偡傞偲偄偆帠偑柧傜偐偵側偭偨丅


帒尮忬懺

2006擭偺ICCAT偺儊僇僕僉嶌嬈晹夛偵偍偄偰VPA乮僐儂乕僩夝愅乯偲旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖傪梡偄偰帒尮夝愅偑峴側傢傟偨丅僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偵偼帒尮検巜悢偲偟偰丄暷崙丄僇僫僟丄擔杮丄僗儁僀儞偺偼偊撽嫏嬈僨乕僞傪堦偮偵傑偲傔偰昗弨壔偟偨CPUE偑巊梡偝傟丄VPA偺僠儏乕僯儞僌偵偼丄帒尮朙搙巜悢偲偟偰忋婰係偮偺嫏嬈偺惈暿擭楊暿CPUE乮掁傝奲1,000杮摉偨傝嫏妉旜悢乯偑梡偄傜傟偨乮恾7乯丅偙傟傜偺寢壥偼丄帒尮検偑丄嫲傜偔1990擭戙拞婜偵弌尰偟偨戩墇擭媺孮偲嬤擭偺嫏妉検偺尭彮偵傛偭偰夞暅偟偨偙偲傪帵偟偰偄偨丅僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偑悇掕偟偨MSY偼栺14,100僩儞偱偁偭偨丅2006擭擭摢偺帒尮検偼丄MSY傪惗嶻偡傞偨傔偵昁梫側帒尮検乮BMSY乯偺99亾偵偁傞偲悇掕偝傟乮恾8乯丄2005擭偺嫏妉巰朣學悢乮F乯偼MSY儗儀儖乮偱嫏妉傪峴偭偨帪偺F; FMSY乯傛傝傕14亾掅偄偲悇掕偝傟偨乮恾9乯丅夝愅偵偼婔偮偐偺晄妋幚側揰偑偁傞傕偺偺丄僽乕僩僗僩儔僢僾朄偵傛偭偰孞傝曉偟寁嶼偟偰摼傜傟偨悇掕抣偺偆偪敿暘偺寢壥偼丄尰嵼偺帒尮検偼BMSY偲摍偟偄偐忋夞傞儗儀儖偵偁傞帠傪帵偟偰偄偨丅側偍丄慜夞偺帒尮昡壙偵婎偯偄偰寁嶼傪峴偆偲丄尰嵼偺帒尮検偼尭彮孹岦偵偁傝丄BMSY傪壓夞傞寢壥偲側偭偨丅2005擭偺TAC偼14,000僩儞乮傎傏MSY偲摨偠乯偱偁偭偨偑丄偙偺嫏妉悈弨偱偁傟偽丄帒尮検偼BMSY晅嬤偱埨掕偡傞偙偲偑梊憐偝傟傞丅 VPA夝愅偺寢壥偼丄旕暯峵僾儘僟僋僔儑儞儌僨儖偺寢壥偲椙偔堦抳偟偨丅奺崙偐傜採弌偝傟偨擭楊暿偺帒尮検巜悢傕嵟嬤擭傪彍偄偰丄僩儗儞僪偼椙偔椶帡偟偰偍傝丄偦傟偼丄1990擭戙廔斦偵斾妑揑嫮偄擭媺孮偺壛擖偑偁傝丄偦傟傜偑弴挷偵嶻棏恊嫑偵惉挿偟偰偄傞帠傪帵偟偰偄傞丅偙偺帠偑丄嬤擭偺嫏妉偺尭彮偲憡傑偭偰嶻棏恊嫑検偺憹壛傪傕偨傜偟偰偄傞丅奺嫏嬈偐傜偺僨乕僞傪傑偲傔偨帒尮検巜悢偼丄1990擭戙屻婜傛傝帒尮検偑憹壛偟偰偄傞帠傪帵偟偰偄傞偑丄嵟嬤擭偺壛擖悈弨偵娭偡傞忣曬偼丄乮彫宆嫑偺庡偨傞忣曬尮偱偁偭偨僗儁僀儞偺偼偊撽嫏慏偺嬤擭偺帒尮検巜悢偑採弌偝傟側偐偭偨偙偲丄媦傃暷崙偑彫宆嫑嫏妉婯惂偺栚揑偱嬛嫏婜丒嬛嫏嬫傪愝掕偟偨偙偲偵傛傝乯丄晄懌偟偰偄傞丅


娗棟曽嶔

帒尮傪MSY乮14,000僩儞乯払惉偺偨傔偵昁梫側帒尮悈弨偵堐帩偡傞偨傔偵丄偙傟傑偱捠傝14,000僩儞偺TAC偑姪崘偝傟偨丅2006擭偵峴傢傟偨帒尮夝愅偺寢壥偼丄14,000僩儞儗儀儖偺嫏妉検傪弲庣偡傟偽丄杮帒尮偼彨棃偵榡偭偰帩懕揑棙梡偑壜擻偱偁傝丄尰嵼偺奀梞娐嫬媦傃嫏嬈偺忬嫷壓偱嵟戝惗嶻検偺棙梡傪払惉偡傞偙偲偑弌棃傞偲峫偊傜傟傞丅

尰嵼戝惣梞慡堟偵偮偄偰丄
    1.壓妠嵆挿125cm埲壓偺嫑偺崿妉棪傪15亾埲壓偵墴偝偊傞
    2.壓妠嵆挿119cm埲壓偺嫑偺崿妉棪傪0%偲偡傞
偲偄偆俀偮偺僆僾僔儑儞傪帩偭偨嵟彫懱挿婯惂偑偁傞丅2001-2005擭偵嫏妉偝傟偨125們倣埲壓偺屄懱妱崌偼戝惣梞慡懱偱22亾乮旜悢乯偱偁傝丄傕偟偙傟偵搳婞傪娷傓偲偦偺妱崌偼傛傝崅偔側傞偲峫偊傜傟傞偑丄偦傟偱傕傎傏22%偺斖埻偵廂傑傞偲峫偊傜傟偰偄傞丅嬤擭偺壛擖悈弨偼崅儗儀儖偵偁傞偲悇應偝傟傞偑丄偦傟偵傕偐偐傢傜偢彫宆嫑偺嫏妉妱崌偼偝傎偳忋徃偟偰偄側偄丅扐偟丄偙偺悇掕抣偼慡懱偺嫏妉暔偺catch at age傪巊偭偰戙擖偟偰摼傜傟偨傕偺偱偁傞偺偱丄夝庍偵偼拲堄偑昁梫偱偁傞丅 忋婰婯惂偁傞偄偼丄奺崙偑撈帺偵摫擖偟偰偄傞嫏嬈婯惂偵傛偭偰丄婔偮偐偺嫏嬈偵墬偄偰偼丄嫏妉媦傃僒僀僘僨乕僞偺幙媦傃宲懕惈偑懝側傢傟夝愅偺幙揑側掅壓偑擣傔傜傟偨丅偙偆偟偨帠偑崱屻傕懕偔偲丄彨棃偺帒尮昡壙偵埆塭嬁傪梌偊傞帠偑寽擮偝傟傞丅


儊僇僕僉乮杒戝惣梞乯帒尮偺尰嫷乮梫栺昞乯

帒尮悈弨 拞埵
帒尮摦岦 憹壛
悽奅偺嫏妉検
(2002乣2006擭乯
11,430乣12,450僩儞
暯嬒丗11,900僩儞
変偑崙偺嫏妉検
乮2007擭乯
800僩儞
乮拲乯巄掕抣丅惗懚曻棳暘偼娷傑傟偰偄側偄丅
娗棟栚昗 MSY
栚昗抣 14,133(12,800-14,790乯僩儞
帒尮偺尰忬 B2006/BMSY丗0.99
乮0.87乣1.27乯
F2005/FMSY丗0.86
(0.65 - 1.04)
娗棟慬抲 2007擭偺TAC傪14,000僩儞乮擔杮偺妱傝摉偰偼842僩儞乯偲偡傞丅 彫宆屄懱乮壓妠嵆挿125cm乛懱廳25kg枹枮乯偺悈梘偘検傪15亾埲壓偵梷偊傞偐丄 壓妠嵆挿119cm乛懱廳15kg枹枮偺屄懱偺悈梘偘検傪0亾偵偡傞丅
帒尮娗棟丒昡壙婡娭 ICCAT

幏昅幰

傑偖傠丒偐偮偍僌儖乕僾
擬懷惈傑偖傠椶僒僽僌儖乕僾
墦梞悈嶻尋媶強 擬懷惈傑偖傠尋媶幒

愬攇 桋巕

墦梞悈嶻尋媶強 悢棟夝愅尋媶幒

梋愳 峗懢榊


嶲峫暥專

  1. Eharhardt, N.M., R.J. Robbins and F. Arocha. 1996. Age validation and growth of swordfish, Xiphias gladius, in the northwest Atlantic. ICCAT SCRS/95/99. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 45 (2): 358-367.
  2. ICCAT. 2006a. 8 Executive summaries on species. 8.8 SWO-ATL-Atlantic swordfish. In ICCAT (ed.), Report of the standing committee on research and statistics (SCRS) (Madrid, Spain, October 2 to 6, 2006). PLE-014/2006. 83-91 pp. http://www.iccat.int/Documents/Meetings/Docs/PLE-014%20EN.pdf 乮2008擭10寧31擔乯
  3. ICCAT. 2006b. Report of the 2006 Atlantic swordfish stock assessment session (Madrid, September 4 to 8, 2006). SCRS/2006/015. http://www.iccat.int/Documents/Meetings/Docs/SCI-040%20EN.pdf 乮2008擭10寧31擔乯
  4. ICCAT. 2008. 8 Executive summaries on species. 8.8 SWO-ATL-Atlantic swordfish. In ICCAT (ed.), Report of the standing committee on research and statistics (SCRS) (Madrid, Spain, September 29 to October 3, 2008). 108-118 pp. http://www.iccat.int/Documents/Meetings/Docs/2008_SCRS_ENG.pdf
  5. Kasapidis, P, X. Valeiras, B. Garc?a-Cort?s, A. Magoulas and J. Mejuto. 2007. Genetic and growth profiles of several specimens of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) tagged and recaptured in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. ICCAT. SCRS/2007/120
  6. Matsumoto, T., H. Saito and N. Miyabe. 2003. Report of observer program for Japanese tuna longline fishery in the Atlantic Ocean from September 2001 to March 2002. SCRS/2002/140. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 55(4): 1679-1718.
  7. Mejuto, J. and B. Garc?a-Cort?s. 2007. Reproductive activity of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the Atlantic ocean on the basis of different macroscopic indicators. ICCAT. SCRS/2007/111
  8. Ortiz, M., V. Restrepo and S.C. Turner. 2000. North Atlantic swordfish sex-ratios at size keys: Analysis and development. SCRS/1999/083. Col. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT, 51 (5): 1480-1508.